Find relief from a wide range of urological conditions with the surgeons at Universal Care.
Urologic procedures can encompass kidney stones, bladder problems, male infertility, and more.
- Urological conditions are common among the older population
- However, they can affect anyone of any age
Often ptients who need a kidney transplant are at the end-stage of renal disease. This means the kidneys have only about 10 percent of normal functionality left. Some typical reasons for end-stage renal disease include diabetes, uncontrollable high blood pressure, and polycystic kidney disease. A kidney transplant involves putting a healthy kidney from a living or recently deceased donor into a patient who has badly functioning kidneys. The very first kidney transplant was actually conducted in 1907 at the University of Chicago by the medical researcher Simon Flexner. The kidneys are responsible for removing waste and fluids from the body, which means harmful levels of toxic material can infiltrate your body if your kidneys are malfunctioning.
Some of the risks and possible complications of a kidney transplant include blood clots or bleeding, infection, the donated kidney failing, infection or cancer transmitted through the donated kidney, your body rejecting the new kidney, heart attack, and stroke. Nonetheless, the transplant may be the best chance for survival for patients with end-stage renal disease. Finding a kidney match involves blood typing, tissue typing, and crossmatching, which involves mixing a sample of your blood with the donor’s blood to see how your antibodies react. Family members can often be a good match in terms of finding a donor.
The bladder augmentation is a procedure meant to help people who do not have adequate bladder capacity. Bladder dysfunction can happen both in children and older adults. The causes of such a condition include spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, tuberculosis, and detrusor instability. A bladder augmentation involves taking sections of tissue from the intestinal tract and putting that tissue onto the bladder walls. This will lead your bladder to have more volume and will reduce the percentage of your bladder that needs to contract. This is meant to decrease the pressure on the bladder that the patient would feel when urinating.
The way this surgery takes place includes either lifting a U-shaped flap at the base of the bladder or making a sagittal incision from the anterior to the posterior of the bladder. Part of the bladder may be removed in order to be replaced by other tissue. Some of the potential risks of a bladder augmentation includes acute intestinal obstruction, cancers of the intestines and tissues within your bladder, and incomplete voiding of the bladder after the operation.
Ureteric Balloon Catheter
The ureteric balloon catheter is used to treat two types of medical conditions, which include ureteropelvic junction obstruction and Brickers bladder problems. Some of the symptoms and issues this procedure treats also include urinary incontinence and continual leakage of urine. Insertion of a ureteric balloon catheter involves using an artificial sphincter made of silicone rubber. This artificial sphincter has a cuff that is inflatable, which is essentially a balloon that fits around the urethra and attaches right next to the bladder. The balloon is put in the pelvic region while a control pump is positioned in the scrotum. Research shows that the artificial sphincter is a successful treatment in 90 out of 100 men who had incontinence after having their prostate removed. The majority of men in these studies have been satisfied with the artificial sphincter.
The ureteric balloon catheter is essentially a double J stent on top of which the balloon is positioned. There is a sideport for inflating the balloon and a straight port for the guide wire. The guide wire is placed in the ureter during the operation. The balloon remains inflated and allows for urine to drain through a central lumen. After several weeks, the catheter is removed by deflating the balloon and cutting the end of the catheter.