We specialize in a wide range of Orthopedic Treatments.
Joints, bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments in the hands, wrists, elbows, and shoulders are common sources of orthopedic problems.
- Surgery may be recommended if serious injury is involved.
- Many procedures involving soft tissues and joints can be completed on an outpatient basis or with minimally invasive techniques.
When to Consider Surgery
Arthritis, age-related wear (degeneration), sports-related injuries, overuse or over-extension injuries, carpal tunnel syndrome, and congenital disorders are just some of reasons why shoulder, knee, hand, or elbow surgery may be necessary. Surgery is rarely the first treatment recommended. If movements of the affected joint, bone, or muscle are affected, surgery often becomes a consideration.
Surgery may also be an option when pain is becoming progressively worse or if pressure is being placed on nearby nerves. The compression of even one nerve may be enough to trigger radiating pain felt in arms, fingers, the neck or lower back, or legs. It’s this type of pain that can often be corrected with surgery.
Common Shoulder, Knee, Hand, and Elbow Surgeries
Muscles or tissues that have been torn or detached from joints in shoulders, knees, hands, or elbows typically require surgery. With the shoulder, this is often rotator cuff repair. Due to its location, the rubbery, C-shaped disc cushioning the knee is often damaged by a hard fall or repetitious movements. Part of the meniscus cartilage may need to surgically removed or surgery may be done to shift weight away from the damaged area of the knee (osteotomy).
Inflammation of tendons connecting muscles in the forearm (tennis elbow) is sometimes corrected surgically. With hands, surgery is sometimes recommended to correct damage to the ulnar, median, or radial nerves.
Joints may be reconstructed or replaced entirely (arthroplasty). Depending on the circumstances involved, an artificial version of the joint may be used as a replacement. Surgery on shoulders, knees, hands, or elbows may also need to be performed due to:
- Fractures that have caused bone to shift or break in multiple locations
- Joints that repeatedly slip out of place due to wear or damage
- Bony growths or pieces of tissue pressing on nerves
- Infections that need to be drained or wounds that need to be cleansed (debridement)
How Surgery is Typically Performed
Many types of surgery performed on joints, muscles, or tendons are done arthroscopically or with similar techniques. Such procedures involve the use of smaller incisions, less disruption to nearby tissues, and the use of special instruments to manipulate various structures.
The type of shoulder, knee, hand, or elbow surgery recommended for you will depend on several factors. In addition to the location of the injury, the extent of the damage and whether or not there are other contributing factors to your discomfort will also be considered. Recovery from any orthopedic surgery will vary. Healing and recovery periods are oftentimes shorter with less invasive, outpatient procedures.