Find relief from hernias with Universal Care’s surgical techniques.
A hernia is characterized by an organ or tissue that forces itself through a weak muscle or connective tissue, known as facia. A hernia is caused by pressure. This pressure can be present at birth or can occur later in the stages of life. The type of hernia that you contract depends upon where the hernia occurs in the body.
- Pressure that causes a hernia can result from lifting heavy objects, diarrhea, constipation, or chronic sneezing or coughing.
- Additionally, muscles can be weakened by certain lifestyle choices such as obesity, poor nutrition, or smoking—causing hernias to be more likely.
An inguinal hernia develops in the inner groin area of the body. It occurs when the intestine or bladder pushes through the abdomen or the inguinal canal in the inner groin. This is the most common type of hernia. In fact, one out of every 544 people have been diagnosed with an inguinal hernia. An inguinal hernia typically occurs in males because they tend to have a natural weakness in the inner groin area, more so than women.
An incisional hernia occurs in an area where a surgical incision has been made from a previous surgery. It occurs when the intestine pushes through a surgical incision site. This type of hernia is most common in elderly patients and patients who are overweight.
The femoral hernia occurs in the outer groin area of the body. This occurs when the intestine is pushed into the canal and brings the femoral artery with it into the upper thigh. This type of hernia is most common in women who are pregnant or overweight.
The umbilical hernia occurs in the naval area. It occurs when the intestine is pushed through the wall near the naval. The umbilical hernia is most common in newborns and occurs at birth, but can also occur in women who have had multiple births.
A hiatal hernia occurs in the upper stomach. It occurs when the stomach presses through the opening in the diaphragm where the esophagus passes through.
While some people who have a type of hernia do not experience any type of discomfort or pain, others can experience severe pain, bowel obstruction, and other health issues from a hernia. In this case, the hernia should be surgically removed, as a hernia will not correct itself. There are three types of surgical procedures that can be completed to fix a hernia: open surgery, laparoscopic surgery, and nissen fundoplication.
An open hernia repair surgery begins with an incision in the groin area. Depending on the type of hernia that is being repaired, the bulge from the hernia is either pushed back into place, tied off, or removed. Then the weakened muscle or tissue is either sutured, or a mesh patch is sewn over the weak spot to prevent the hernia from reoccurring.
During a laparoscopic hernia repair surgery, the abdomen is filled with a non-harmful gas to expand the abdomen and allow the surgeon the ability to see the hernia site. A few small incisions are made near the hernia site and a small camera is sent into the abdomen so that the surgeon can see while he repairs the hernia with a mesh patch sewn to the weakened muscle or tissue.
This surgical procedure is completed for hiatal hernias and as an anti-reflux surgery for patients who suffer from GERD, or gastroesophageal reflux disease. This procedure can be completed with open surgery or laparoscopic surgery. In this procedure, the surgeon will replace the stomach to its natural position and sew up the opening in the diaphragm where the stomach pushed through. Some surgeons will also use a mesh patch over the opening to reinforce it and prevent the reoccurrence of a hiatal hernia.
There are ways that you can avoid heightening your risk for a hernia all together. Simple lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight, eating a healthy diet, and refraining from tobacco products could lower your risk for a hernia. Additionally, refraining from strenuous lifting and maintaining healthy bowel movements may lower your risk for a hernia. However, if you do contract a hernia, they can become very painful and cause serious health concerns. Fortunately, a surgical procedure can correct the hernia and prevent additional health concerns that may result.