General-Surgery-Universal-Care-Surgery-Center

The professionals at Universal Care perform a wide range of general surgery procedures.

General surgery is a type of surgical discipline with immense diversity. Surgeons in this field are responsible for the surgical care of an array of patients, injuries, and diseases. They will attend to patient management before, during, and after surgery.

  • General surgeons work in multiple environments, such as a hospital surgical suite, surgery centers, and in emergency rooms.
  • They perform numerous surgical procedures instead of just focusing on one system in the body.
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Tonsillectomy

This procedure us used to remove the tonsils from the back of the throat when they are inflamed and infected frequently or for sleep-disordered breathing. Before the procedure, patients are put to sleep using general anesthesia. The tonsils are removed using a specialized high-energy heat, only heat or sound waves tool. Some surgeons will use a basic surgical scalpel for this.

Wound Debridement

Wound debridement involves removing unhealthy tissue to aid in promoting healing. There are different techniques available, including chemical, autolytic, surgical and mechanical. The purpose of the procedure is to remove tissue that contains foreign tissue, bacteria, crusting or dead cells. This helps to create a neater wound edge so that scarring is reduced.

During surgical debridement, forceps, scissors, scalpels and other instruments are used. This is usually performed when a wound has deep tissue damage or is especially large. Chemical debridement uses enzyme-containing medicines that work to dissolve dead tissue. Mechanical debridement uses methods, such as a syringe, whirlpool back or wet and dry dressings to remove the offending tissue. Autolytic debridement uses the fluids from the wound to help the body to clean itself. There is a special type of dressing that is applied, but this is not used for infected wounds.

General-Surgery-Universal-Care-Surgery-Center
General-Surgery-Universal-Care-Surgery-Center

Cholecystectomy

This procedure involves removing the gallbladder which sits in the upper right abdominal area and is responsible for collecting and storing bile for digestion. This common procedure is often done due to gallbladder inflammation, gallstones in the bile duct or gallbladder or pancreatic inflammation associated with gallstones.

Depending on why the surgery is being performed and any unique patient needs, this may be done as an open cholecystectomy, meaning a large incision is made which averages about six inches. The second option is via laparoscopy where four small incisions are made, and a camera is used to help the surgeon visualize the area. Both surgeries take approximately one to two hours on average.

Appendectomy

This surgery is done to remove the appendix. People of all ages can experience an acute inflammation of the appendix, requiring it to be removed before it is able to burst. If it does burst, it can release harmful substances, such as bacteria, in the abdominal cavity. When this happens, it is considered life-threatening. Surgeons may use a laparoscopic or open appendectomy.

With the laparoscopic type, a few small incisions are made into the abdomen, a cannula is inserted, and this puts carbon dioxide gas into the abdominal area to inflate it. A small camera is then inserted through one of the incisions to allow the surgeon to clearly see what they are doing. The appendix is then tied off and the surgeon removes it. With the open type of surgery, a single, longer incision is made in the abdomen at the lower right side. If the appendix burst, this is generally the procedure used because the surgeon is able to clean the abdominal cavity after removing what remains of the appendix.

Hemorrhoidectomy

Hemorrhoids affect about 50 percent of people by their 50th birthday. In many cases, conservative treatment is sufficient for hemorrhoids, but in patients where they result in heavy bleeding or they are especially painful, surgical removal might be recommended.

Depending on the patient, the hemorrhoid and how extensive the surgery might be, surgeons may use a spinal block, local anesthesia or general anesthesia to ensure patients are comfortable during surgery. Around the hemorrhoids, small incisions are made, and they are then removed using scissors, a knife or a cautery pencil. The area is then closed, and a bandage may be applied.

The surgeon might also be able to perform a procedure that is a bit simpler. In this surgery, the hemorrhoid is wrapped in a rubber band or it is stapled. Both of these are done to block blood from flowing to it. Without blood, it will eventually shrink and this may allow patients to prevent a full surgical removal.